Mass Casualty Incident Virtual Reality Training Simulation

The Need:

In the face of mass casualty incidents, first responders play a critical role in saving lives and minimizing the impact of disasters. However, traditional training methods using mock patients or mannequin simulators for mass casualty triage are costly, challenging to replicate, and require significant coordination. To address this pressing need, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, has funded a groundbreaking initiative by ACCAD and the OSU Wexner Medical Center. Their innovative solution leverages virtual reality (VR) as a training and assessment tool for first responders tasked with managing mass casualty incidents. This cutting-edge technology aims to revolutionize the way first responders are trained and prepared to handle such critical situations.

The Technology:

The virtual reality (VR) training simulation developed by ACCAD and OSU Wexner Medical Center focuses on teaching first responders the essential steps of SALT triage. This includes accurate patient identification, injury assessment, administration of appropriate lifesaving treatments, and effective patient communication. The immersive VR experience enables learners to navigate realistic disaster scenarios and practice triage protocols in a safe, controlled environment. Through two loud and assertive voice commands, the learner can categorize patients into three triage categories, ensuring a swift and efficient response during real-life incidents.

Commercial Applications:

  • First Responder Training: The VR training simulation offers a valuable tool for preparing first responders to manage mass casualty incidents effectively. It enables learners to gain practical experience in triage protocols, enhancing their decision-making and response skills.

  • Assessment Tool: Beyond training, this technology serves as an assessment tool for evaluating the proficiency of first responders in SALT triage procedures. It allows instructors to identify areas for improvement and tailor individualized training programs.

  • Emergency Preparedness Drills: Emergency management agencies and healthcare organizations can utilize the VR simulation for conducting realistic mass casualty drills. This facilitates comprehensive disaster preparedness and coordination among various response teams.


  • Cost-Effective Training: By replacing the need for expensive mock patient drills, the VR training simulation significantly reduces training costs, making it accessible to a broader range of organizations and agencies.

  • Realistic and Safe Environment: The immersive nature of VR offers a lifelike experience that closely mirrors actual emergency scenarios. First responders can practice and refine their skills without jeopardizing real-life patient outcomes.

  • Standardized Training: The VR technology ensures consistent and standardized training for all learners. This guarantees that first responders across different locations receive uniform instruction, fostering a higher level of proficiency and coordination during actual emergencies.

  • Immediate Feedback and Evaluation: Learners receive real-time feedback on their performance during the simulation, enabling them to learn from mistakes and improve their decision-making abilities.

  • Research and Continuous Improvement: The technology's integration with data analytics allows for the collection of valuable performance metrics. Researchers and administrators can use this data to enhance training protocols continuously and drive better disaster response strategies.

By embracing this pioneering VR training and assessment solution, organizations can equip their first responders with the skills and confidence needed to manage mass casualty incidents effectively, safeguarding lives and communities in times of crisis.

Loading icon